This OHSAS Standard specifies requirements for OH&S management system to enable an organization to develop and implement a policy and objective which take into account legal requirement and information about OH&S risks. They do so in the context of increasingly stringent legislation, the development of economic policies and other measures that foster good OH&S practice and if increased concern expressed by interested parties about OH&S issues. Ot is intended to apply to all type and size of organizations in line with ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 and to accommodate diverse geographical, cultural and social.
Many organizations have undertaken OH&S "reviews" or "audits" to assess their OH&S performance. On their own, however these "reviews" and "audits" may not be sufficient to provide an organization with the assurance that its performance not only meets, but will continue to meet, its legal and policy requirements. To be effective, they need to be conducted within a structured management system that is integrated within the organization.
IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS
In general any organization may knowingly or unknowingly possess Hazards such as Physical Hazard, Chemical Hazard, Biological Hazard, Psychological Hazard etc...prevaling in the work environment, which potentially harm in terms of human injury or ill health or combination of these. Such Hazards needs to be identified and mitigated through Risk Assessment.
Organization should evaluate the risk arising from a hazards, taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable. For every Risk identified new controls are to be determined if existing controls are not sufficient in the following hierarchy.
- Engeenering controls
- Signage / warning and / or administrative controls
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
This standard call for the Organization to comply with all applicable legal obligations up-to-date. Organization should first identify the legal requirement, comply with those requirements and communicate to the employee concerned and the interested parties about the compliance level.
OBJECTIVES AND PROGRAMMES
Organization shall define realistic, measurable, practicable Objectives in line with OH&S Policy. Setting objectives in an integral part of the planning of an OH&S management system. The process of setting and review objectives, and implementing programmes to achieve them, provides a mechanism for the organization to continually improve its OH&S management system and to improve its OH&S performance.
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